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Infectious diseases


Infectious diseases can be caused by pathogens such as bacteria, viruses, parasites and molds, which can be transmitted to humans from other humans, animals and the environment (GGD Zuid-Limburg, 2016; WHO, 2016). Every region within the Euregion Meuse-Rhine has its own institutions that are responsible for the detection of infectious diseases and for taking appropriate measures to prevent the further spread. In a border region such as the Euregion Meuse-Rhine, where people cross the border on a daily basis, a local outbreak of an infectious disease can quickly develop an inernational character. 

Within the Euregion Meuse-Rhine institutions responsible for infectious disease prevention work closely together and exchange information about diseases on a regular basis. By doing this, these institutions try to minimize the spread of infectious disease and thereby keeping the public healthy. This exchange of information is partly made possible by EMRIC. 

Examples of infectious diseases where information exchange took place within the Euregion Meuse-Rhine are the recent ebola outbreak, the EHEC epidemic in 2011 and the Q-fever epidemic in 2009 (Maassen, 2014). Another example given by dr. professor Christian Hoebe, is an epidemic of the norovirus at three Dutch primary schools, where the source was located in a Belgian amsuementpark, where the Dutch school children went on a school trip (Maassen, 2014). 

Sources:

GGD Zuid Limburg. (2016). Infectieziektenbestrijding. Retrieved 25 September, 2016, from: https://www.ggdzl.nl/burgers/infectieziekten-en-hygiene/infectieziektebestrijding/

Maassen. (2014). Euregio Maas-Rijn strijdt tegen infectieziekten. Retrieved 25 September, 2016, from: https://www.medischcontact.nl/nieuws/laatste-nieuws/artikel/euregio-maas-rijn-strijdt-tegen-infectieziekten-1.htm

WHO. (2016). Infectious diseases. Retrieved 25 september, 2016, from: http://www.who.int/topics/infectious_diseases/en/

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